Small in size but huge in opportunities, Singapore is one of the world’s most dynamic countries!  It offers a mosaic of contrasting cultures, diverse cuisines, superb shopping and a vibrant nightlife scene.  Founded as a British trading colony in 1819, it has since developed into one of the world’s most prosperous nations.
The island of Singapore lies about 85 miles (137 km) north of the Equator.  It is separated from Peninsular Malaysia by the Straits of Johor in the north and from the Indonesian Riau islands by the Straits of Singapore in the south.  The main island of Singapore is about 252 square miles (704 square km) with an additional 63 smaller islands.
About 4.5 million people live in Singapore.  While predominantly Chinese (76%), it has substantial minorities of Malays (14%), Indians (8%) and Eurasians and other ethnic groups (2%).  The major religions practiced are Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam and Taoism.
Malay, Mandarin, Tamil and English are Singapore’s official languages.  While Malay is the national language, virtually every Singaporean speaks English.
Singapore Fun Facts
  Singapore’s name comes from “Singa Pura” which means Lion City in Sanskrit. 
  However, there are no lions in Singapore.
  Singapore is one of three remaining city-states in the world, along with Monaco
  and Vatican City.  It is a city, a capital, and a state all at once.
  The national anthem is in microtext on the back of the $1000 SGD note.
  The time zone has changed 6 times since 1905.
  Chewing gum is banned in Singapore, except for those with a medical
  According to a research done by the British Council, Singaporeans are the
  fastest walkers, at an average of 18 meters in 10.55 seconds.
  Singapore imports sand and fresh water from Malaysia.
  The world’s tallest indoor waterfall is located in Gardens by the Bay, towering 35
  meters high!
  Singapore made racing history as the world’s first ever Formula 1-night race,
  held at the twisty Marina Bay street circuit.
  Buildings in Singapore cannot be higher than 280 meters tall.